Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer – Melanoma skin cancer begins in cells that produce pigment. The cells are called melanocytes. Melanin which is the cause of skin, eyes and hair color is the result of these cells. According to the NCI (National Cancer Institute), there are over 68,000 new cases and close to 9,000 deaths of Melanoma skin cancer each year in the United States.
The first sign of melanoma usually changes in shape or color and may be the size of a current mole. You should see your doctor if you notice any sudden or persistent changes in the shape and size or color of the mole. Sometimes melanoma appears on your skin as a new mole. It is very easy to remember what you are looking for. There are five parameters involved that we can refer to as “ABCD” which:
- Asymmetry: when the form of one and a half moles is not the same as the other half shape.
- Border: When the pigment is scattered into the skin nearby so borders and edges are usually blurred and ragged.
- Color: this is usually uneven. Usually there are shades of brown or black or some white areas, gray and red or sometimes pink.
- Diameter: size can be very different but usually melanomas measuring more than 6 millimeters or ¼ inch.
When melanoma skin cancer is more advanced, the mole texture may change. The skin becomes harder and sometimes the surface of the skin is damaged and scratched. Even sometimes bleeding has been reported and it may get itchy or painful. Your doctor is someone who can help you. Make sure if something is bothering you, go and see your doctor.
Melanoma Skin Cancer Causes
The most dangerous cause of Melanoma skin cancer is exposure to sunlight ultraviolet rays.
Melanocytes make more melanin in the sun. That’s why we tan tanned under the sun. Scientists believe that sufficient exposure to UV radiation can harm DNA in melanocytes and cause them to grow more than normal and uncontrollable. It’s good to know that skin cancer Melanoma occurs more often on the skin of people than black people and brown. White or fair people have less melanocyte cells in their skin therefore more harmful UV rays are for them.
Doctors believe that Melanoma skin cancer is associated not only with sun exposure, but genetics play a big role in this cancer. Because melanoma tumors can occur in areas of the body that are not normally exposed to sunlight. So people with a family history of melanoma are more likely to develop cancer. According to research conducted by the NCI (National Cancer Institute) one in ten people diagnosed with melanoma have family members who were previously diagnosed with the disease.
How to Treat Melanoma Skin Cancer
Like most cancers and diseases, there is a good chance for a good prognosis when cancer is captured early. If the brown or black lesions have not spread beyond the skin surface, simple surgery may be sufficient to treat cancer. But in more advanced cancers, one melanoma that has spread to other parts of the body is very difficult to treat. In the case of doctors is using chemotherapy, radiation or biological therapy to treat Melanoma skin cancer.
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