How to Diagnose and Treating Lymphoma Cancer – The lymph system is a tubular structure that branches out for all parts of the body and is very important to fight off infections. Lymph is a colorless liquid containing white blood cells (lymphocytes) and carried by the lymph system. There are different types of lymphoma cancer and therefore, answering the question, how to diagnose and treating Lymphoma cancer is a big challenge. The most common type of lymphoma and the term used interchangeably is Hodgkin disease and the rest of the type is known as non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
How to Diagnose Lymphoma Cancer
Although, there are some symptoms of lymphoma cancer, but they may be similar to other diseases, making it difficult to predict the diagnosis of lymphoma. Some of the symptoms are:
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Feelings of tiredness
- Repeated fever
- Sweating at night
After the patient’s experience of symptoms, we may consult a doctor, who can carry out diagnostic procedures to confirm the disease. The diagnosis will be based on:
- A thorough physical examination of the patient
- Questions about personal history and complete family
- Physically check the lymph nodes for any abnormalities present
- Biopsy test to confirm about the malignancy that is present in the lymph nodes
- X-ray of the chest to verify any enlarged lymph nodes in the chest
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or Computer Tomography (CT) scan
- Ultrasound examination
Once the diagnosis is done and cancer of the lymphoma is confirmed, the patient is more likely to undergo several tests to detect the exact stage of the disease.
How to Treating Lymphoma Cancer
Radiation therapy – strong x-ray or whatever radiation can be used to treating lymphoma cancer. Radiation is directed to kill abnormal cancer cells either with internal or external radiation therapy. However, pregnant women are not eligible for radiation therapy until delivery.
Chemotherapy – this therapy uses anti-cancer drugs to destroy malignant cells in the lymph system. Therapy may be given by mouth, intravenously or directly into the cerebrospinal fluid. Although, chemotherapy can be observed in pregnant women, careful look is necessary to see the fetal harm.
Vaccine therapy – this is a new treatment technique used to treat lymphoma cancer. This technique aims to strengthen the body’s immune to fight cancer cells. Drugs used are directed to restore the immune system and increase defense against malignancy.
High-dose chemotherapy in combination with stem cell transplantation is another treatment option lately being considered. This technique to replace destroys blood-stem cell stem cells in patients with donor stem cells. Lymphoma cancer is a type of cancer that affects the body’s lymph system. There are about 35 and more types of this cancer. Therefore, how to diagnose and treating lymphoma cancer is a challenge for medical professionals. Like other cancers, early detection and treatment is important.
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